KARAMOJA: NAPAK District, Hazard, Risk and Vulnerability Profile
This Napak District Hazard, Risk and Vulnerability Profile integrates scientific information provided by Government of Uganda agencies and hazard and vulnerability knowledge provided by communities on the district base map to contribute to a Ugandan atlas of disaster risk. It will support planning and decision-making processes to manage disaster risk in the District.
The Napak District Local Government and the Department of Disaster Preparedness and Management in the Office of the Prime Minister (OPM), with the support of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), embarked on a process of mapping the hazards and analysing disaster risks and vulnerabilities in Napak district. The objective of the hazard, risk, and vulnerability mapping was to produce a District Profile that will aid planning and decision making processes in addressing disaster threats/risks in Napak District.
The information contained in this District Hazard, Risk, and Vulnerability Profile will guide the adoption of disaster risk management (DRM) measures in the district and inform the development of the district’s contingency and development plans.
The profile identified 12 hazards including, human diseases, drought, bush fires, environmental degradation, crop and animal disease, flood, land conflict, strong wind, pest infestation, lightning, vermin and cattle theft predominate in the district, in order of decreasing risk. Human diseases, drought, bush fires and environmental degradation ranked closely as the most dangerous and high-risk hazards for people in Napak District.
The Napak sub-counties have low to medium vulnerability to disaster, accumulating risk from several hazards. The northern sub-counties of Ngoleriet, Lokopo, Lotome, Lopeei and Matany record low aggregate vulnerability levels, and Iriri, Lorengecora and Lorengecora Town Council have medium aggregate vulnerability. Lorengecora and Lorengecora Town Council have high risk of human disease due to poor sanitation facilities, and Lorengecora suffers from severe deforestation. This aggregated vulnerability to several hazards at once compounds the exposure to disaster risk and the complexity of managing it.
This is part of UNDP’s support to the Government of Uganda to strengthen its capacity in Disaster Risk Management and be prepared to respond to any likely disasters that may come up particularly those related to the climate.