Value Chain Analysis of the Bean Sector in Uganda Report
Beans are the most important legume for human consumption in the world. They are estimated to be the second most important source of dietary protein and the third most important source of calories. It is estimated that about 20 million MT of beans are produced annually with a market value of US $10 billion (FAOSTAT, 2012). The leading countries in the production of beans in 2010 by volume were India, Brazil, Myanmar, USA and China. In Africa, the leading producers of beans are Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya whose production volumes in 2010 were estimated at 950,000MT, 455,000MT and 390,598MT respectively.
In 2010, Uganda was ranked second highest producer of beans after Tanzania in the East Africa Community region. Beans provide 25% of the total dietary calorie intake and 45% of the protein intake. They are also a major source of complex carbohydrates, essential micronutrients, dietary fibre, vitamin B and antioxidants in the nutritionally challenged diets of both the rural and urban poor. For centuries, beans have been produced mainly for food security at household level but currently producers are producing beans as a major source income security.
Given the importance of beans, this report uses Value Chain and SWOT analysis approaches to understand what the situation of the bean sub-sector in Uganda in terms of production, marketing and consumption and also map the different actors in the bean value chain.
- Uganda is among the ten biggest producer of beans in Africa coming second to Tanzania in the East African community.
- Market development for bean and bean products remains a big opportunity for the sector especially since the processing stage of the value is under-developed and cannot meet the changing consumer demands though more processors are introducing proven technologies that have been used elsewhere.
- Bean trade in Uganda is still highly informal with about 93% of wholesalers having no contracts with their suppliers.
- Employment in the bean sub-sector is not gender sensitive as men dominate most of the activities especially in trading. At production level, women dominate weeding and harvesting while men were more involved in land preparation, fertilizer and pesticide application and marketing.
- The value chain is under-developed with weak institutional frame work starting with farmers (few farmer groups) and limited access to Technical &Business Development Services.