Process to start building a National MRV System for Uganda launched
ENTEBBE - The process to start building a national MRV (Measuring, Reporting, and Verification) system for Uganda has started this week after three days of training for over thirty five government officers from different agencies who will be managing it.
The MRV system will capture a range of interventions in Uganda that aim to the reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that cause climate change, while also tracking the development gains of these interventions. The training workshop’s major aim was to start the process of building the MRV system and also strengthen the institutional and technical capacity of the government officials from different Ministries, agencies and departments which participate in climate change activities in the country.
“Uganda is fortunate to have been included in the UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building project which has helped us to prepare the system and develop the NAMAs (or Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions) that will reduce GHG emissions. The project has helped us to look at MRV process which is important for collecting information to feed into the Uganda Second National Communication, which will be finalized at the end of June 2014, ” Paul Isabirye, Coordinator, Climate Change Unit said.
The National Communication is an official document that a government sends to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) detailing actions and activities that a country is taking in mitigating, and adapting to, the effects of climate change. For developing countries, the report should be submitted every four years, although Least Developed Countries have some flexibility in terms of this timeline.
Mr. Isabirye said that this national MRV system will help the country meet its reporting obligations. In the same way, the system will benefit other initiatives, such as the REDD+, that also requires critical information on the level of GHG emissions. “The Ministry of Water and Environment and the Climate Change Unit are both grateful for this opportunity because the outcomes will also be important for feeding information into the Climate Change Resource Center that we are setting up,” he added.
Onesimus Muhwezi, the team leader for UNDP’s Environment and Energy Unit, emphasized UNDP’s willingness to continue supporting such national processes which help in mitigating climate change.
The national MRV system will enable the government to monitor and report on the eight NAMAS developed under the LECB project which are considered as viable options for reducing emissions while also delivering a host of sustainable development benefits.
Rebecca Carman, a Policy Advisor with the LECB Programme and one of the trainers, said Uganda’s NAMAs are in the agriculture, energy, transport and waste sectors and a national MRV system will be important in helping to achieve them since they present a clear guideline on who will be responsible for measuring, for reporting and for verification at the institutional level and how any barriers to success can be addressed.
“While developing countries such as Uganda get financing to reduce GHG emissions, they actually get more from the economic benefits of implementing their NAMAS, such as reducing the amount of money spent on fuel wood by using more efficient cook stoves, and creating employment and income through the improvement of existing business and the promotion of new businesses. The benefits are also social and environmental because efforts like using improved cook stoves mean that there’s reduced smoke inhalation for those cooking hence improved health and reduced amount of wood used and hence reduced deforestation,” she added.
The national MRV system, once in place, will help reporting process on NAMAS nationally but also internationally to the UNFCCC, where reporting will soon be every two years instead of four years as it was previously.
The Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Project for Uganda is implemented by Government of Uganda, through the Climate Change Unit (CCU) in the Ministry of Water and Environment. The project is part of the larger global LECB programme, which runs through 2016 and is active in 25 countries around the globe, including Argentina, Bhutan, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, DRC, Ecuador, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Kenya, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Morocco, Peru, Philippines, Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Vietnam and Zambia. The programme is funded by the European Commission and the governments of Germany and Australia.
The goal of the LECB Programme is to strengthen technical and institutional capacities at the country level, while at the same time facilitating inclusion and coordination of the public and private sectors in national initiatives aimed at reducing the GHG emissions that cause climate change.