The Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Project for Uganda
What is the project about?
The Government of Uganda, through the Ministry of Water and Environment (MWE)’s Climate Change Unit (CCU), in collaboration with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is delivering the Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Project for Uganda. This EU-UNDP Project focuses on strengthening Uganda’s technical and institutional capacity in the development of Green House Gas (GHG) inventory systems and Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) with in-built Measuring, Reporting and verification (MRV) systems. Its three major outputs are;
- A robust national system for preparation of GHG emission inventories established at a national level
- NAMAs formulated within the national development context
- MRV systems designed to support implementation and evaluation of NAMAs
The project is in line with UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol Frameworks, and is also aligned to the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) for Uganda 2010-2014 which prioritizes supporting national efforts and capacities to ensure growth, prosperity and social transformation while achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
The project responds to Uganda`s socio-economic development goals and includes, among others: developing national capacity to deal with climate change challenges; ensuring climate proof development planning; and promoting a low carbon economic development path.
It further responds to capacity gaps in establishing a national GHG system, as identified in the Initial National Communication (INC) to the UNFCCC. It will focus on developing NAMAs that have potential development benefits such as increased clean energy generation and access, new technology investment opportunities, improved health, increased employment opportunities and overall economic growth and poverty reduction. LECB will also raise general knowledge and awareness on climate change and contribute to putting climate change issues higher on the national agenda through strengthened cooperation and increased involvement of relevant stakeholders.
What have we accomplished so far?
Under the Green House Gas Inventory Component; The need for compiling a national GHG inventory first as an international obligation by the country has been affirmed. In this regard, the government will take the responsibility to ensure that it is conducted according to international norms and requirements.
The NAMA Component; The project through the Climate Change Unit Ministry of Water and Environment has already selected eight priority NAMAs per sector out of a long list; these have been identified as priority for Uganda’s efforts in Climate change mitigation.The prioritized NAMAs in the four sectors include;
1. Promotion of Upland Rice; The purpose of the NAMA is to promote the cultivation of high yielding upland rice combined with a reduction in total acreage under paddy rice. it seeks to increase rice production in Uganda for both domestic and export markets by promoting the cultivation of high yielding upland rice combined with a reduction in total acreage under paddy rice.
2. Livestock Mitigation; This NAMA seeks to develop methods to reduce GHG gas emissions from livestock production in Uganda. Livestock numbers have increased across all types: cattle, sheep, goats, poultry and others. Present estimates show that the national cattle herd stood at 11.4m in 2008.
3. Institutional stoves in Educational Institutions; This NAMA is intended to promote the use of energy efficient institutional stoves in primary, secondary and tertiary educational institutions. The use of efficient stoves will reduce the rate of consumption of wood fuel, which will reduce greenhouse gases emissions and ultimately lead to a decrease in the rate of deforestation.
4. Vehicle Fuel Efficiency; The purpose of this NAMA is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and promote sustainable development in the transport sector through the implementation of a fuel efficiency initiative that includes the development of policies and regulations that will promote the use of more efficient vehicles. It will help to address the government’s goal of meeting the energy needs of Uganda’s population for social and economic development in an environmentally sustainable manner
5. Bus Rapid Transit for Kampala; This mitigation priority is intended to improve efficiency of public transport while saving and reducing emissions associated with public transportation in the Kampala metropolitan region. This NAMA is important in Uganda as urbanization increases and more towns and urban centres are growing. Implementing this NAMA will be a platform for subsequent rollout to other city regions developing in the country extending it beyond Kampala city and making it nationally relevant and important for efficient public transportation.
6. Enforce periodic vehicle inspection for emissions and roadworthiness; This is geared towards reducing emissions from vehicles. This is a policy NAMA important due to the type, age and condition of imported vehicles in Uganda. The NAMA will also target operation and use through the lifecycle of the vehicles. This policy is needed in Uganda because of the high possibility for economic growth and prosperity that will lead to increased vehicle importation and use.
7. Municipal Solid Waste Compost for Smaller Urban Areas; The purpose of the NAMA is to extend a successful municipal solid waste compost programme to smaller urban areas where organic waste is the most dominant waste. The goal of NAMA is to avoid methane emissions from municipal waste landfills not targeted by the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Programme of Activities (PoA) by recovering the organic matter from municipal solid waste as compost and avoid methane emissions through a municipal waste compost programme. The NAMA will extend mitigation actions to as many parts of the country as possible, improve waste management, increase utilization of agricultural waste for compost manure, and create jobs.
8. Integrated Waste Water treatment; This NAMA will encourage GHG remission reductions from agro-industry wastewater. The aim is to reduce GHG releases from waste water, reduce pollution load from waste water on Lake Victoria basin, safeguard fisheries livelihoods, reduce health risks, and reduce the cost of water treatment from the more polluted water abstraction points.
Additionally, the project has produced a report on Uganda’s NAMA Status for Uganda as well as the Low Emission Development Strategy.
Who finances it?
The project is funded by the European Union, the German Government and UNDP. The total project budget is about US$ 672,000 for duration of 3 years.